Childhood Disorders

As per the diagnostic norms rarely will a child under 5 years old receive a diagnosis of a serious behavioral disorder. However, they may begin displaying symptoms of a disorder that could be diagnosed later in childhood. These may include:

Types of Childhood Disorders

A. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder that can cause above-normal levels of hyperactive and impulsive behaviours. People with ADHD may also have trouble focusing their attention on a single task or sitting still for long periods of time. A wide range of behaviours is associated with ADHD. Some of the more common ones include

  • Having trouble focusing or concentrating on tasks
  • Being forgetful about completing tasks
  • Being easily distracted
  • Aggression and Angry Outbursts

B. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

Children with oppositional defiant disorder display a persistent pattern of angry outbursts, arguments and disobedience. While this behaviour is usually directed at authority figures, like parents and teachers, it can also target siblings, classmates and other children.

C. Conduct Disorders

Conduct disorder is a far more serious condition that can involve cruelty to animals and people, other violent behaviours and criminal activity

D. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication and behavioural challenges. There is often nothing about how people with ASD look that sets them apart from other people, but people with ASD may communicate, interact, behave, and learn in ways that are different from most other people. The learning, thinking, and problem-solving abilities of people with ASD can range from gifted to severely challenged. Some people with ASD need a lot of help in their daily lives; others need less

A diagnosis of ASD now includes several conditions that used to be diagnosed separately: autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger syndrome. These conditions are now all called an autism spectrum disorder

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